Human anatomy is the study of the skeleton and other body structures. It is divided into four major sub-disciplines: human body structures, the nervous system diseases and disorders, endocrine system and disorders. Human physiology studies the functions of the body and the functions of the human mind and soul. The study of the human body includes the study of blood chemistry, development, growth and death.
The study of human beings’ responses to environmental and physical stimuli. Human body systems have an important role in the body’s defense against external and internal threats. These systems include the immune system, endocrine system, cardiovascular system, reproductive system, musculoskeletal system and respiratory system.
In order to study human anatomy students must take a biology course in high school, complete at least 18 hours of general education study in college, and pass a written examination administered by the American Board of Medical Specialties. Courses that count towards the Bachelor of Science in Human Biology are Anatomy and Physiology, which cover the scientific study of the body, and Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, which focus on the cells of the human body. Both of these courses can also be taken as elective courses to fulfill the requirements for the Bachelor of Science in Biology or the Bachelor of Science in Human Biology.
The study of human body systems in the context of physiology also includes courses that prepare a student for future job responsibilities, including learning about the student’s physiology skills when applying for a job in a lab, a research setting or a doctorate program in human biology. Courses in this area can help a student develop the skills to carry out a wide variety of duties within the biology laboratory.
Human biology courses generally begin with a study of the basic systems of living things and their physiology. The human anatomy course, which covers the physical structure of the human body, is followed by study of the development of the nervous system, the functions of the brain, the immune system, and the circulatory system, and the functions of the endocrine system.
A major component of human biology coursework is the study of human growth hormones and how these hormones affect human growth and development. This study includes the study of human growth patterns, the effects of puberty on growth, the role of nutrition on growth and the effects of illness and stress on growth.
Physiology courses also include courses in the development of the human body and the interaction between the human body and the environment, which may include topics such as anatomy of the skin and the environment of the human body, physiology, and immunity in animals, and the interactions of the environment with the human body. Finally, there are various coursework and labs in human anatomy, biochemistry and the study of the functions of the endocrine system of humans and the organs and the environment.
There are many different types of human anatomy. The most common types are skeletal, nervous, muscular, and reproductive; however, some human anatomy courses include neurological or vascular anatomy, cardiovascular anatomy, and pediatric anatomy.
Many schools and colleges offer physical study of the human body in their classrooms. Most biology departments have their own physical study rooms or laboratories for students to learn about physiology and how it relates to living organisms.
Courses in human biology give students a broad understanding of the scientific process, as well as practical applications of the sciences. This knowledge is invaluable to a person who decides to go on to become a biomedical researcher or medical doctor and/or for those who choose to pursue a career in the biomedical industry as an educator or researcher.