Secondly, the discipline also aims to provide an account of the practices, beliefs and perspectives that form the basis for a scientific study. The philosophy of scientific inquiry typically considers research questions with reference to a particular field of inquiry, and investigates the empirical facts and arguments that are relevant to answering these questions. This involves both theoretical and descriptive study of a specific field.
As regards the definition of social sciences, there are three major types that are used in this discipline. These are historical, comparative and interdisciplinary. Historical social studies deals with a specific time or place within the history of the discipline. Comparative social studies aims at making a comparative analysis between different areas and periods of this discipline. Finally, interdisciplinary social sciences deal with many disciplines from various areas and hence, the question of a single discipline may not be possible in this case.
It is generally accepted that social sciences can be classified into four major sub-disciplines. These include humanities, social sciences of business and economics, political science and sociology. The fourth sub-discipline is not considered part of any science and is used as a subcategory of anthropology.
Social sciences of business and economics are concerned with how people make economic decisions, while social sciences of political science are concerned with the interaction of political affairs with the economy. Sociology on the other hand, studies the social aspects of human life and social interactions. These four sub-disciplines have important differences, and each has its own relevance to the others.
The first sub-sub-discipline is the humanities. The focus of this sub-discipline is the social, cultural and biological aspects of culture. The second sub-discipline is the social sciences of business and economics. This sub-discipline deals with economic and social aspects. In the humanities, as in the second sub-discipline, the focus is on the social, whereas in this sub-discipline, the focus is on the cultural. the social.
Political science is divided into two sub-disciplines. The first sub-discipline is known as social sciences of politics, while the second sub-discipline is known as political studies.
Another sub-discipline of this discipline is social studies. This sub-discipline deals mainly with the ethical, cultural and social aspects of human beings. The ethical, cultural and social studies of human beings is very important in understanding the nature of a society.
In the social sciences of business and economics, there are two sub-disciplines. The first sub-discipline deals with the financial aspects of business, while the other deals with the corporate aspects. The first sub-discipline is also called the business ethics while the second sub-discipline is called business studies.
The second sub-discipline of social studies deals with culture, history and literature. This sub-discipline is concerned with analyzing the ways in which culture influences people’s thinking, their actions, their attitudes towards one another and also their relations with the environment. History and literature sub-disciplines, while social sciences of business and economics deal mainly with economics and business.
Politics involves the study of political parties, policies and governance of states. Political science studies all the things that are connected with government. Politics and governance are a very difficult subject and thus, many scholars are looking for new ways to teach it. Politics and governance have been the major concern of most of the social science disciplines since the 19th century.
The third sub-discipline of social sciences is politics and governance. This sub-discipline studies the political aspect of governance and its relationships with the economic, cultural, intellectual and social aspects of political life.
Social sciences and humanities have long been the focus of social science. These have been the basis of several social science textbooks and have given birth to many popular research methods.